Policing in the 21st Century and Smarter Crime Control: What shifts policy to cost effective public safety?
Compared to 50 years ago, health policy has led to much longer life expectancy. Technology has led to a much easier life. But criminal justice policy has only recently been associated with rates of street crime close to those in the 1960´s when the USA had 3 Presidential Commissions on violence. We are also now more aware that intimate partner and sexual violence is much more rampant than debated 50 years ago.
Recent innovations in Canada and evidence based initiatives in the USA suggest that a shift in policy could reduce interpersonal violent crime by 50% or more combined with huge savings in tax expenditures. So what do we know about how to make this shift? To what extent will these innovations and initiatives lead to application of the evidence and so less interpersonal violent crime and greater public safety at less cost? Will they achieve the potential for a 50% reduction in street crime and intimate partner and sexual violence? Will they reduce taxes on crime and justice by $6 billion in Canada and $75 billion in the USA?
The CCA Panel on the Future of Policing Canada in the 21st century emphasized that policing is just one player in reducing interpersonal violence and providing public safety. The book on Smarter Crime Control reviewed the accumulated evidence on cost effective public safety to show that (i) specific policing strategies that are pro-active and in partnerships to be effective and (ii) that many pre-crime prevention investments are proven to be more cost effective in preventing much of violent crime.
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Major UN Crime Congress to Celebrate and Advance Magna Carta for Victim Rights
Millions of people, including many women and children, throughout the world still suffer harm unnecessarily as a result of crime, abuse of power and terrorism. Despite 30 years of progress, too many victims have too few rights. In addition, too many suffer hardship when assisting in the prosecution of perpetrators.
In 1985, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a land mark decision for victims by resolving to prevent victimization and implement the UN Declaration on Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power.
The UN Organization on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is organizing a special ¨High Level Event¨ to take stock of progress and provide guidance for the future at the UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. The Congress is expected to be attended by more than 7000 persons, including the top Justice and Public Safety officials from more than 150 national governments.
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Mixing alcohol with evidence to get 40% reduction in violence –From Cardiff and Milwaukee to Amsterdam (post 37)
Amsterdam aims to tackle the alcohol related roots of violence using a strategy already proven to have reduced violence by more than 40% in a UK city – Cardiff. Why not in your city?
It uses data from admissions to hospital emergency rooms to identify hot spots for alcohol related violence. This enables smart policing and bye-law enforcement to focus on the source of the alcohol and so reduce violence.
Likely this strategy would be as relevant in your city as in Amsterdam or Milwaukee. It is an obvious quick win for municipalities with huge savings in costs to hospitals and to police in calls for service – not to mention stopping the costly harm to victims of violent assaults and, likely indirectly, sexual assaults.
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The Future of Crime Prevention: Solutions to Challenges by Erich Marks (post 36)
One of Europe´s foremost experts on crime prevention identified seven challenges to the future of crime prevention for the European Forum on Urban Safety´s Congress on the Future of Crime Prevention.
He calls for governments to invest in applying our current prevention knowledge and shift from over-use of more of the same and ¨crime fighting¨. Responsible persons will use evidence based strategies and in doubt adapt programs proven to have worked in the past. The cost benefit analyses show that crime prevention is more successful than more of the same when there is good management of the prevention programs and adequate funding and personnel.
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Politicians can invest now in violence prevention – public interest demands it – no more excuses (post 35)
Smart politicians must invest now in proven violence prevention. It is more cost effective than reactive policing and more jails. So the public interest calls for investment in what works to reduce violence, smarter use of current police resources and a shift to prevention from taxes wasted on over-use of jails.
For this investment to remain fiscally neutral, politicians must simultaneously limit the growth of incarceration. We know that a dollar of taxpayers money invested in early childhood or youth prevention will have the same impact on crime as $7 on the operation of prisons.
Politicians can no longer prop-up their inaction on proven violence prevention. It is easy to access the knowledge. It is affordable. Inaction is costing gains in immediate opportunities for at risk youth and long term pain to victims and misspent taxes.
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