Will the next Canadian government get smarter about making a safe Canada safer?
In Canada, crimes of violence and against property still cause the equivalent of $83 billion in harm to victims – equivalent to 5% of GDP. We have the evidence based knowledge to cut that harm by 50% within 5-10 years by tackling the social causes of violence and providing real support and rights to crime victims.
This shift to victim centred, compassionate and evidence based policy requires the next Canadian government to invest in the following three actions costing $1.5 billion a year which is less than 1/10 of 1% of GDP. Reducing the number of victims significantly will also reduce the demand for police and jails and so enable reduction over time in taxes spent on reaction of $5 billion.
These actions will make Canada a beacon for smarter and compassionate crime control and achieve domestically the violence reduction targets of the UN´s sustainable development goals.
Will your government:
1. establish a national crime reduction and victim assistance board and invest $500 million a year to work with provinces and cities to reduce significantly interpersonal violence and homicide in Canada by promoting the use of proven prevention solutions?
2. invest $500 million to reduce violence against women and children, implement a national action plan on violence against women, and launch an annual Statistics Canada survey on intimate partner and sexual violence to measure the success of policies?
3. invest $500 million to work with the Provinces to develop and implement national programs that meet international standards for assistance, reparation and rights for victims of crime and commit to annual Statistics Canada victimization surveys to measure the gap between the needs and services for victims of crime?
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Policing in the 21st Century and Smarter Crime Control: What shifts policy to cost effective public safety?
Compared to 50 years ago, health policy has led to much longer life expectancy. Technology has led to a much easier life. But criminal justice policy has only recently been associated with rates of street crime close to those in the 1960´s when the USA had 3 Presidential Commissions on violence. We are also now more aware that intimate partner and sexual violence is much more rampant than debated 50 years ago.
Recent innovations in Canada and evidence based initiatives in the USA suggest that a shift in policy could reduce interpersonal violent crime by 50% or more combined with huge savings in tax expenditures. So what do we know about how to make this shift? To what extent will these innovations and initiatives lead to application of the evidence and so less interpersonal violent crime and greater public safety at less cost? Will they achieve the potential for a 50% reduction in street crime and intimate partner and sexual violence? Will they reduce taxes on crime and justice by $6 billion in Canada and $75 billion in the USA?
The CCA Panel on the Future of Policing Canada in the 21st century emphasized that policing is just one player in reducing interpersonal violence and providing public safety. The book on Smarter Crime Control reviewed the accumulated evidence on cost effective public safety to show that (i) specific policing strategies that are pro-active and in partnerships to be effective and (ii) that many pre-crime prevention investments are proven to be more cost effective in preventing much of violent crime.
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Prevent violence with less beer and fewer handguns (post 26)
¨1.The more beer consumed per capita, the higher the rates of assault per capita – so North American policies on restricting alcohol are better than those in Western Europe;¨
¨2.Rates of handgun ownership correlate highly with increased risk of personal victimization – so European and Canadian policies on restricting availability of handguns are better than those in the USA;¨
Some recent conclusions from prize winning victim advocate who analyzes international data on trends in victimization to identify actions that have reduced violence …
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Posted in CRIME VICTIMS RIGHTS
Also tagged assaults, beer consumption, burglary, crime drop, Crime in US vs. Canada, Europe, handguns, international crime victim survey, Jan van Dijk, Stockholm prize, USA, violence prevention, world of crime
18. Crime Reduction Board for Canada
In his introduction to the Safe Streets and Communities Act, the Canadian Minister of Justice noted crime must be reduced in Canada, given the 440,000 crimes of violence and 1.3 million crimes of property recorded by police last year. He stressed that $83 billion in harm to victims of crime in Canada justifies additional expenditures.
Smart enforcement and treatment must be balanced with smart prevention – fewer victims, less harm to victims, fewer cases for criminal justice, less deficit. This Act must include a short amendment to create a permanent and high level Crime Reduction Board to sustain efforts to prevent crime and enhance services and rights for victims of crime.
The Board would achieve its purpose, inter alia, by braiding federal government efforts to tackle the causes of violence, developing national standards and training, and sharing information with the public.
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